Decades of the USSR: a Lull before the Storm
The three-and-a-half decades between the death of Stalin
and collapse of the USSR
were marked by relative stability in the South Caucasus
including Mountainous Karabakh and Armenian-Azerbaijani frontier.
The fragile status quo was possible exclusively due to the iron grip of the
Soviet bureaucracy enforced by the army and security services that were
capable of keeping under control any potential movement that could even
hypothetically threaten the stability of the Soviet empire. The crash of
Communist ideology and total collapse of Soviet economy by the middle of the
80-ies and the loosening of the grip that followed, resulted in the
escalation of the unresolved conflict in Mountainous Karabakh and around it,
pogroms in Baku and Sumgait and the war for survival of the
Karabakh Armenians. But the description of the recent events that followed
the disintegration of the USSR
is going far beyond this paper.