1. Booth, Martin. The Dragon Syndicates: The Global Phenomenon of the Triads
Transworld Publishers, London. 2000
2. Booth, Martin. The Triads, Grafton Books, Great Britain. 1991
3. Black, David. Triad Takeover, A Terrifying Account of the Spread of Triad Crime in the West, Sidgwick & Jackson, London, 1991.
4. Dubro, James. Dragons of Crime, Inside the Asian Underworld, Octopus Publishing, Toronto, 1992
5. Asian Street Gangs and Organized Crime in Focus.
6. A Rising Threat From the Far East. http://www.hhs.se/eijs/anomaly/HKTriads.htm
7. An Investigation into Understanding Asian American Crime
8. Chinese gangs' cruel trade.
This article originally appeared in the April 1997 issue of ASIA, INC.
Sung Lian Strength: several hundred members, mostly second-and third-generation mainland immigrants. Activities: debt collection, massage parlors, brothels, small businesses.
Tian Dao Man Strength: several hundred members, mostly native Taiwanese. Activities: debt collection, massage parlors, brothels, small businesses.
Four Seas Strength: up to 2,000 members, mostly second-and third-generation mainland immigrants. Activities: construction, security services, debt collection, massage parlors, brothels, small businesses.
United Bamboo Strength: 10,000 members, mostly second-and third-generation mainland immigrants. Activities: construction, security services, debt collection, loan sharking, gambling dens, hostess clubs, restaurants, small businesses.
United Bamboo Members' Code of Ethics
1. Harmony with the people is the first priority. We have to establish good social and personal connections so as not to create enemies.
2. We have to seek special favors and help from uncommitted gang members by emphasizing our relationships with outside people. Let them publicize us.
3. Gambling is our main financial source. We have to be careful how we handle it.
4. Do not take it upon yourself to start things and make decisions you are not authorized to make. You are to discuss and plan all matters with the group and the elder brother first.
5. Everyone has their assigned responsibility. Do not create confusion!
6. We must not divulge our plans and affairs to outsiders, for example to our wives, girlfriends, etc. This is for our own safety.
7. We have to be united with all our brothers and obey our elder brother's orders.
8. All money earned outside the group must be turned over to the group. You must not keep any of it for yourself. Let the elder brother decide.
9. When targeting wealthy prospects do not act hastily. Furthermore, do not harass or threaten them. Act to prevent suspicion and fear upon their part.
10. If anything unexpected happens, do not abandon your brothers. If arrested, shoulder all responsibility and blame. Do not involve your brothers.
Sources: United Bamboo Gang: Portrait of a Triad, U.S. Customs Service; "Code of ethics" is translated from a document seized by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department.
© 1997 by Asia Inc. Ltd.