Flag of Manchu Empire
Chinese Republican Flag (1912-1929)
In 1644 invaders from Manchuria captured
In 17th-18th centuries he Manchu
dynasty created a vast empire dominant in Asia that stretched far beyond the
The 19th century as well as the beginning of the 20th century, were marked by the disintegration of the Manchu Empire.
Armed conflicts with Russia ended up with the treaties of Aigun (1858) and Beijing (1960) in accordance with which China was to give up half of Manchuria (modern Russian territories of Khabarovsk and Primorye) and north-western part of Xinqiang (Chinese Turkestan).
The expansion of
The fall of Manchu dynasty and Chinese revolution of 1911-1912,
led to further territorial losses. In 1911
As a result of armed conflicts with the former Manchu
dependencies, the Republic of China by 1914 managed to absorb Ching-hai, as well as parts of