DIAOKHI: GEORGIAN PRE-HISTORY
Text: Givi Koberidze
F.W., Historische Schul-Atlas,
Diauehi (Diauhi or Diaokhi; “the Land of the Sons of Diau”) was an ancient country in northeastern Anatolia, mentioned in the Urartian inscriptions. It is usually (though not always) identified with Daiaeni of the Yonjalu inscription of the Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser I’s third year (1118 BC).
exact geographic extent of Diauehi is still
unclear, many scholars place it in the Pasinler
Plain in today’s northeastern
Several modern scholars believe Diauehi may have emerged as a tribal union of possible proto-Georgians in the post-Hittite period, in about the 12th century BC. This federation was powerful enough to counter the Assyrian forays, although in 1112 BC its king Sien was defeated and taken prisoner by Tiglath-Pileser I.
In 845 BC, Shalmaneser
III finally subdued Diauehi and downgraded its king
Ronald Grigor Suny, The Making of the Georgian Nation: 2nd edition (1994), Indiana University Press, ISBN 0-253-20915-3, page 45
W.E.D. Allen, A History of the
Georgian People (1932),
 A. G. Sagona. Archaeology at
the North-East Anatolian Frontier, Vol. 1. An Historical Geography and a Survey of the Bayburt Province, Peeters