Armeno-Georgian War of 1918

and Armeno-Georgian Territorial Issue in the 20th Century



By  Andrew Andersen and Georg Egge







As of today, the territory of the tree states to the south of the Main Caucasus, whose independence has been restored as a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union, is the scene of two unresolved military conflicts: the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict over Mountainous Karabakh and the Russo-Georgian one the two strategically important regions of Georgia - Abkhazia and Tskhinvali (the latter also known as the former South Ossetian Autonomous Region). However, the potential zones of conflict in the South Caucasus are not limited to Abkhazia, Karabakh and Tskhinvali. Certain influential political forces that are interested in further destabilization of the region are seriously considering the border area between Armenia and Georgia to be a potential centre of another conflict in the South Caucasus. Indeed, the above mentioned area that includes an Armenian-populated Georgia’s province of Javakheti is marked by some tension that under certain circumstances can degenerate into an inter-ethnic conflict. Various political groups that are voluntarily or involuntarily trying to provoke a new conflict tend to appeal to the events of Armeno-Georgian War that broke out at the end of 1918 and had a negative impact on the overall situation in the region. The paucity of publicly available information on this historical episode opens up great opportunities for ideologically-loaded and sometimes even instigative interpretation of this little-known war of the early twentieth century.


This paper aims at providing a detailed description of the aforementioned events of the war and to analyze its consequences for both Armenia and Georgia, leaving beyond the framework the ways they are or can be used by destabilising forces, by which we mean primarily the ruling circles of the Russian Federation that, despite internal disagreements on some issues, have a complete consensus in their efforts to keep the South Caucasus within the Russian sphere of political influence at the expense of real independence and democracy of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, as well as to prevent any serious politico-economic presence of the West in this strategically important crossroads of Europe and Asia[1].


We strongly believe that knowledge of the nature and details inter-ethnic and inter-state conflicts having their origins back in the past, is a critical tool for success in their effective and non-violent resolution.










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[1] Michael P. Croissant, The Armenia-Azerbaijani Conflitc: Causes and Implications (London, 1998), p.xiii